8) Mixing the Electrolyte Solution
From many years of experience, we recommend you first mix an initial batch of electrolyte that is on the 'weak' side and increase output from there.
The amount of electrolyte you add increases the conductivity of the water, and therefore allows more current to run through it. This means high 'amps' will create more HHO and fewer amps will produce less.
There is an important point when tuning these systems: You are looking for the optimum output for your engine while maintaining the lowest current draw possible.
You will hear many stories of people running '50 amps' through their tiny HHO generator. While in fact some units are designed to run this high, most will generate too much heat and most of the production is simply steam and not HHO gas.
Establish Your Vehicle's Recipe
Start by deciding on your 'recipe' for your mixture. We recommend using one quart (or one liter) of distilled water as your starting point. To this amount, our systems use approximately one quarter to one half cup of electrolyte (in this case KOH) to operate the unit close to 15 amps of current draw.
Note: Each system is different, so these are simply guidelines to start. Confirm the specific directions for the system you purchased.
After dissolving the electrolyte in a container full of water, add the solution to the reservoir tank. Give the system time for the water to slowly fill the HHO generator. Please note that adding all the electrolyte to the water at once will cause the mixture to GET HOT. Please mix small amounts at a time.
Note: Adding all the electrolyte to the water at once will cause the mixture to GET HOT.
Test the Recipe
With your first start of the system, it's a good idea to turn your service switch on for ten seconds and then turn it off again. If there were any wiring mistakes, you will have a safe window to confirm all is fine.
When your system is running, give it time to 'settle down' and determine what range of amperage it reads. Draw will increase as the unit comes to operating temperature. This is a very exciting first step.
After running the system for a while, you may find the solution is too weak or too strong. Also, at some point you may see discoloration appearing in the water. Some 'rusty' color is okay from mineral deposits and contaminates in the system.
For changes to the solution (or replacement if solution turns dark) we recommend using the quick disconnect to drain the system into a clean bucket. If the solution is clean, you can add more electrolyte (or more water if you need to dilute it) and re-fill the system. Any sediment or discoloration only happens on the first batch of solution as the plates are 'conditioned'.
The break in period pulls out some of the remaining iron content from the plates and small particles of rust float in the water. This is not critical, and after some time you can flush the system and re-fill with a new batch that will stay clean.
The first important lesson of finding your 'recipe' is how to change the range of the amperage by changing the strength of the solution.
The second lesson is recognizing the water circulates very slowly through the system. This means if you only make changes to the reservoir tank (by adding another teaspoon for example) it will not evenly mix throughout the system. In fact, you may see no difference until you drive the car for an hour and then suddenly your amperage spikes and the circuit breaker turns your system off.
Please see the next section for an overview of initial testing of your HHO system